Determinants of academic entrepreneurship

The final draft of “Determinants of academic entrepreneurship” is finalized and available for download.

This paper explores the determinants of academic entrepreneurship. In particular it investigates the effects of gender and supplementary management education on academics’ willingness to start up a company. As a data source the analysis relies on a survey of academics in Tyrolean universities. Controlling for academic achievement, field of science and perceived hampering factors we find that female academics show a significantly lower propensity to have a high willingness to start up. Overall supplementary management education does not have a significant effect on the willingness to start up. Yet, for female academics supplementary management education exerts a significantly positive effect almost offsetting the gender effect.

This result resonates the findings that reduced rates of female entrepreneurship can be attributed to lower female entrepreneurial control beliefs (Goethner et al. 2009) and that management education increases self efficacy with female students more than it does with their fellow males (Wilson, Kickul & Marlino 2007).


Goethner, M., Obschonka, M., Silbereisen, R. K., & Cantner, U. (2009). Approaching the Agora – Determinants of Scientists’ Intentions to Pursue Academic Entrepreneurship. Jena Economic Research Papers. Jena.

Wilson, F., Kickul, J., & Marlino, D. (2007). Gender, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial career intentions: Implications for entrepreneurship education. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 31(3), 387-406.

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