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Idea generation and idea evaluation workshop

Jointly with the Center for Academic Spin-Offs Tyrol (CAST) we organize a workshop about idea generation and idea evaluation for the Tiroler Zukunftsstiftung. Target audience are innovation managers and interested employees of companies associated with the Tyrolean Cluster Initiative.

Content of the workshop is the idea generation and idea evaluation in the early phase of the innovation process, introducing some of the common creativity techniques as well as internet based versions of brainstorming (www.brainr.de). Using an artificial case participants explore their own creativity and generate ideas to develop product ideas for the given case company. The ideas generated in the creativity session are evaluated in the evaluation session after introducing a set of methods for idea evaluation.

Determinants of academic entrepreneurship

The final draft of “Determinants of academic entrepreneurship” is finalized and available for download.

This paper explores the determinants of academic entrepreneurship. In particular it investigates the effects of gender and supplementary management education on academics’ willingness to start up a company. As a data source the analysis relies on a survey of academics in Tyrolean universities. Controlling for academic achievement, field of science and perceived hampering factors we find that female academics show a significantly lower propensity to have a high willingness to start up. Overall supplementary management education does not have a significant effect on the willingness to start up. Yet, for female academics supplementary management education exerts a significantly positive effect almost offsetting the gender effect.

This result resonates the findings that reduced rates of female entrepreneurship can be attributed to lower female entrepreneurial control beliefs (Goethner et al. 2009) and that management education increases self efficacy with female students more than it does with their fellow males (Wilson, Kickul & Marlino 2007).

References.

Goethner, M., Obschonka, M., Silbereisen, R. K., & Cantner, U. (2009). Approaching the Agora – Determinants of Scientists’ Intentions to Pursue Academic Entrepreneurship. Jena Economic Research Papers. Jena.

Wilson, F., Kickul, J., & Marlino, D. (2007). Gender, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial career intentions: Implications for entrepreneurship education. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 31(3), 387-406.

Into thin air – Using a quantile regression approach to explore the relationship between R&D and innovation

The paper ‘Into thin air – Using a quantile regression approach to explore the relationship between R&D and innovation‘ by Bernd Ebersberger, Orietta Marsili, Toke Reichstein and Ammon Salter, forthcoming in the International Journal of Applied Economics, is available online.

We apply quantile regression to 760 Finnish firms and show that the relationship between R&D and firm performance is less straight forward than so far assumed. OLS regression analysis fails to capture the effect of R&D expenditure at different locations on the performance distribution. We reveal that R&D matters, especially on the medium quantiles, while regressing against the upper quantiles of the economic gains from innovation distribution exhibit decreasing returns scale in R&D. Our results confirm that Gaussian statistics fail to capture the most interesting part of the distribution – namely the extreme observations located in the tails.

Unfortunately the original pdf-file currently available online contained an illegible table and a rather fuzzy print of the diagrams.

In an updated version the publisher took care about this. The paper is now perfectly legible.